Film horror

Film Horror Haunted House Horror

Der Horrorfilm ist ein Filmgenre, das beim Zuschauer Gefühle der Angst, des Schreckens und Verstörung auszulösen versucht. Oftmals, jedoch nicht zwangsläufig, treten dabei übernatürliche Akteure oder Phänomene auf, von denen eine zumeist. Filme, Stars und News suchen und finden im Filmarchiv von CINEMA Online - Genre/Jahrzehnt/Produktionland»horror«. Der Horrorfilm ist ein Filmgenre, das beim Zuschauer Gefühle der Angst, des Schreckens und Verstörung auszulösen versucht. Oftmals, jedoch nicht. Alien-Horrorfilm von John Carpenter mit Kurt Russell und Charles Hallahan. In John Carpenters Horror-Remake Das Ding aus einer anderen Welt bekommt es​. Filmtipps zum Gruseln: Das sind die (bisher) besten Horrorfilme Das Jahr ist fast vorüber, Halloween naht und mit ihm, die optimale.

film horror

Alien-Horrorfilm von John Carpenter mit Kurt Russell und Charles Hallahan. In John Carpenters Horror-Remake Das Ding aus einer anderen Welt bekommt es​. Der Horrorfilm ist ein Filmgenre, das beim Zuschauer Gefühle der Angst, des Schreckens und Verstörung auszulösen versucht. Oftmals, jedoch nicht. Filmtipps zum Gruseln: Das sind die (bisher) besten Horrorfilme Das Jahr ist fast vorüber, Halloween naht und mit ihm, die optimale.

Caligari helped draw worldwide attention to the artistic merit of German cinema and had a major influence on American films, particularly in the genres of horror and film noir , introducing techniques such as the twist ending and the unreliable narrator to the language of narrative film.

Caligari "a major early entry in the horror genre, introducing images, themes, characters, and expressions that became fundamental to the likes of Tod Browning's Dracula and James Whales' Frankenstein , both from ".

Caligari is also a leading example of what a German Expressionist film looks like. In this film, Wegener stars as the golem who frightens a young lady with whom he is infatuated.

The film is the best known of the series, as it is the only film that is completely preserved. It is also a leading example of early German Expressionism.

Murnau arguably made the first vampire-themed movie, Nosferatu It was an unauthorized adaptation of Bram Stoker 's gothic horror novel Dracula.

In Nosferatu , Murnau created some of cinema's most lasting and haunting imagery which famously involve shadows of the creeping Count Orlok.

This helped popularized the expressionism style in filmmaking. Many expressionist works of this era emphasize a distorted reality, stimulating the human psyche and have influenced the horror film genre.

For most of the s, German filmmakers like Wegener, Murnau, and Wiene would significantly influence later productions not only in horror films but in filmmaking in general.

They would become the leading innovators of the German Expressionist movement. The plots and stories of the German Expressionist films often dealt with madness and insanity.

It tells the story of house guests inside a manor given visions of what might happen if the manor's host, the count played by Fritz Kortner , stays jealous and the guests do not reduce their advances towards his beautiful wife.

Kortner's bulging eyes and twisted features are facets of a classic Expressionist performance style, as his unnatural feelings contort his face and body into something that appears other than human.

In , German filmmaker Paul Leni made another representative German Expressionist film with Das Wachsfigurenkabinett , or Waxworks as it is commonly known.

The horror film tells a story of a writer who accepts a job from a wax museum to write a series of stories on different controversial figures including Ivan the Terrible and Jack the Ripper in order to boost business.

Although Waxworks is often credited as a horror film, it is an anthology film that goes through several genres including a fantasy adventure, historical film, and horror film through its various episodes.

Waxworks contain many elements present in a German Expressionist movie. The film features deep shadows, moving shapes, and warped staircases.

The director said of the film, "I have tried to create sets so stylized that they evidence no idea of reality.

According to Wisecrack' s episode on How Horror Movies Changed , "the horror genre blossoms anywhere there was pain and national chaos.

So it's more than fitting that the genre's real boom took place in the mega-depressing Post-World War I Germany.

During the war — , Germany banned all foreign films, inadvertently throwing all film nerds a boom. Combine that embargo with the general despair of the era, you'll see why German Expressionism took place.

Though the word horror to describe the film genre would not be used until the s when Universal Pictures began releasing their initial monster films , earlier American productions often relied on horror and gothic themes.

Many of these early films were considered dark melodramas because of their stock characters and emotion-heavy plots that focused on romance, violence, suspense, and sentimentality.

This series of pictures from Universal Pictures have retroactively become the first phase of the studio's Universal Classic Monsters series that would continue for three more decades.

Universal Pictures' classic monsters of the s featured hideously deformed characters like Quasimodo , The Phantom , and Gwynplaine.

The film was adapted from the classic French gothic novel of the same name written by Victor Hugo in , about a horribly deformed bell ringer in the cathedral of Notre-Dame.

The film elevated Chaney, already a well-known character actor, to full star status in Hollywood, and also helped set a standard for many later horror films.

Two years later, Chaney stars as The Phantom who haunts the Paris Opera House in 's silent horror film, The Phantom of the Opera , based on the mystery novel by Gaston Leroux published 15 years earlier.

Roger Ebert said the film "creates beneath the opera one of the most grotesque places in the cinema, and Chaney's performance transforms an absurd character into a haunting one.

His silent horror film The Cat and the Canary is the third film in the Universal Classic Monsters series and is considered "the cornerstone of Universal's school of horror.

The plot revolves around the death of a man and the reading of his will 20 years later. His family inherits his fortunes, but when they spend the night in his haunted mansion they are stalked by a mysterious figure.

Meanwhile, a lunatic known as "the Cat" escapes from an asylum and hides in the mansion. The film is part of a genre of comedy horror films inspired by s Broadway stage plays.

Paul Leni's adaptation of Willard's play blended expressionism with humor, a style Leni was notable for and critics recognized as unique.

Alfred Hitchcock cited this film as one of his influences [39] and Tony Rayns called it the "definitive haunted house movie. The film, starring Conrad Veidt is known for the bleak carnival freak-like grin on the character Gwynplaine's face.

A graphic novel in exploring the origins of the Joker was also titled Batman: The Man Who Laughs in homage to this film. Veidt plays a middle-aged magician who is in love with his beautiful young assistant.

She, on the other hand, is in love with the magician's young protege, who turns out to be a bum and a thief.

The film received mixed reviews and a New York Times article even said that "Dr. Fejos has handled his scenes with no small degree of imagination.

The trend of inserting an element of macabre into American pre-horror melodramas was popular in the s.

Directors known for relying on macabre in their films during the decade were Maurice Tourneur , Rex Ingram , and Tod Browning.

Ingram's The Magician contains one of the first examples of a " mad doctor " and is said to have had a large influence on James Whale's version of Frankenstein.

Chaney played a carnival knife thrower called Alonzo the Armless and Joan Crawford as the scantily clad carnival girl he hopes to marry.

Chaney did collaborative scenes with a real-life armless double whose legs and feet were used to manipulate objects such as knives and cigarettes in frame with Chaney's upper body and face.

Pictures was the first all-talking horror film, made using the Vitaphone sound-on-disc system. The plot centered on sound, with much of the ghost's haunting taking place in vis-a-vis creepy organ music, creaky doors and howling winds.

The film was poorly received by audiences and critics. They claim that it is monotonous, slow, dragging, fatiguing and boring.

Other European countries also, contributed to the genre during this period. This is what the Criterion have to say about the film; "The last person to die on New Year's Eve before the clock strikes twelve is doomed to take the reins of Death's chariot and work tirelessly collecting fresh souls for the next year.

This extraordinarily rich and innovative silent classic which inspired Ingmar Bergman to make movies is a Dickensian ghost story and a deeply moving morality tale, as well as a showcase for groundbreaking special effects.

In , Danish filmmaker Benjamin Christensen created the Swedish-Danish production Häxan also known as The Witches or Witchcraft Through the Ages , a documentary-style silent horror film based partly on Christensen's study of the Malleus Maleficarum , a 15th-century German guide for inquisitors.

Häxan is a study of how superstition and the misunderstanding of diseases and mental illness could lead to the hysteria of the witch-hunts.

There are shocking moments in which we witness a woman giving birth to two enormous demons, see a witches' sabbath, and endure tortures by inquisition judges.

The film also features an endless parade of demons of all shapes and sizes, some of whom look more or less human, whereas others, are almost fully animal—pigs, twisted birds, cats, and the like.

Roger Ebert included the film on his list of "Great Movies" in , calling the great hall of the film as "one of the most haunting spaces in the movies".

Il mostro di Frankenstein , one of a few Italian horror film before the late s, is now considered lost. In the s Universal Pictures continued producing films based on Gothic horror.

The studio entered a Golden Age of monster movies in the '30s, releasing a string of hit horror movies. In this decade, the studio assembled several iconic monsters in motion picture history including Dracula , Frankenstein , The Mummy , and The Invisible Man [54] Each movie starring these monsters would go on to make sequels and each of the characters would go on to cross-over with one another in a cinematic shared universe.

The films would retroactively be classified together as part of the Universal Classic Monsters series. Universal Pictures created a monopoly on the mainstream horror film, producing stars such as Bela Lugosi and Boris Karloff , and grossing large sums of money at the box office in the process.

It was a sound remake of the studio's earlier film, The Cat and the Canary from three years ago. The film was directed by George Melford who would later direct the Spanish version of Dracula.

On February 14, , Universal Pictures premiered their first film adaptation of Dracula , the popular story of an ancient vampire who arrives in England where he preys upon a virtuous young girl.

The film was based on the stage play by Hamilton Deane and John L. Balderston , which in turn was loosely based on the classic novel by Bram Stoker.

February 's Dracula was an English-language vampire-horror film directed by Tod Browning and stars Bela Lugosi as the Count Dracula , the actor's most iconic role.

The film was generally well received by critics. Variety praised the film for its "remarkably effective background of creepy atmosphere.

Some long shots of Lugosi as the Count and some alternative takes from the English version were used in this production.

On November 21, , Universal Pictures released another hit film with Frankenstein. The story is about a scientist and his assistant who dig up corpses in the hopes to reanimated them with electricity.

The experiment goes awry when Dr. Frankenstein's assistant accidentally gives the creature a murderer's abnormal brain. On February 21, , Universal Pictures released a double-feature.

The first one is Murders in the Rue Morgue. It stars Bela Lugosi as a lunatic scientist who abducts women and injects them with blood from his ill-tempered caged ape.

The film was loosely based on an short story by Edgar Allan Poe. Universal Pictures would release two more Poe adaptations later in the decade.

It's a mystery horror story starring Boris Karloff. Five travelers are admitted to a large foreboding old house that belongs to an extremely strange family.

The story was based on a novel by J. The film, based on an original screenplay, is about an ancient Egyptian mummy named Imhotep who is discovered by a team of archaeologists and inadvertently brought back to life through a magic scroll.

The site's consensus states: "Relying more on mood and atmosphere than the thrills typical of modern horror fare, Universal's The Mummy sets a masterful template for mummy-themed films to follow.

Make-up artist Jack Pierce was responsible for the look of the Mummy. After studying photos of ancient mummies, Pierce came up with the look bearing a resemblance to the mummy of Ramesses III.

Pierce began transforming Karloff at 11 a. Karloff finished his scenes by 2 a. Boris Karloff found the removal of gum from his face painful, and overall found the day "the most trying ordeal I [had] ever endured".

Jack Pierce would also come to design the Satanic make-up for Lugosi in the independently produced White Zombie In , after the release of The Mummy , Universal Pictures released two pictures.

The first one was in July. It was a murder-mystery film called The Secret of the Blue Room. The plot of the film is that, according to legend, the "blue room" inside a mansion is cursed.

Everyone who has ever spent the night there has met with an untimely end. Three men wager that each can survive a night in the forbidding room.

The film was directed by James Whale and stars Claude Rains as the titular character. The movie was based on a science fiction novel of the same name by H.

Wells published in The film has been described as a "nearly perfect translation of the spirit of the book". The Invisible Man is known for its clever and groundbreaking visual effects by John P.

Fulton , John J. Mescall and Frank D. Williams , whose work is often credited for the success of the film. Claude Rains was claustrophobic and it was hard to breathe through the suit.

Consequently, the work was especially difficult for him, and a double, who was somewhat shorter than Rains, was sometimes used.

It stars both Boris Karloff and Bela Lugosi. It was the first of six movies Universal Pictures paired the two iconic actors together.

The Black Cat became Universal Pictures' biggest box office hit of the year and is considered by many to be the one that created and popularized the psychological horror subgenre, emphasizing on atmosphere, eerie sounds, the darker side of the human psyche, and emotions like fear and guilt to deliver its scares, something that was not used in the horror genre before.

Although it was credited the film was based om Edgar Allan Poe 's classic short story , the film actually has little to do with Poe's story.

In the film, American honeymooners in Hungary become trapped in the home of a Satan-worshiping priest when the bride is taken there for medical help following a road accident.

The film exploited a sudden public interest in psychiatry. In , Universal Pictures released four pictures from February to July. The story revolves around an opium-addicted choirmaster who develops an obsession for a beautiful young girl and will not stop short of murder in order to have her.

The film was based on the final novel by Charles Dickens in In April , Bride of Frankenstein premiered.

It is widely regarded as one of the greatest sequels in cinematic history, with many fans and critics considering it to be an improvement on the original film.

In the film, Dr. Frankenstein, goaded by an even madder scientist, builds his monster a mate, often referred to as the Monster's Bride.

Makeup artist Jack Pierce returned to create the makeup for the Monster and his Bride. Over the course of filming, Pierce modified the Monster's makeup to indicate that the Monster's injuries were healing as the film progressed.

Actress Elsa Lanchester portrayed the Monster's Bride. The bride's conical hairdo, with its white lightning-trace streaks on each side, has become an iconic symbol of both the character and the film.

A month after the release of Bride of Frankenstein , Universal Pictures premiered the influential werewolf movie Werewolf of London , the first Hollywood mainstream movie to feature a werewolf , a creature of folklore who shape-shifts from a human into a wolf.

The film stars Henry Hull as the titular character. In the movie, he is a botanist who gets attacked by a strange animal.

The bite causes him to turn into a bloodthirsty monster. Jack Pierce created the make-up for the creature.

Screenwriter and journalist Frank Nugent , writing for The New York Times , thought the film was "designed solely to amaze and horrify.

Granting that the central idea has been used before, the picture still rates the attention of action-and-horror enthusiasts.

The film was The Raven. The film was not actually a direct adaptation of the classic poem , but rather inspired from it.

In the film, a brilliant surgeon, played by Bela Lugosi, is obsessed with the writer Edgar Allan Poe. He saves the life of a beautiful dancer but goes mad when he can't have her.

Meanwhile, Boris Karloff plays a fugitive murderer on the run from the police. The film did not do particularly well at the box office during its initial release, and indirectly led to a temporary ban on horror films in England.

At the time, it was beginning to look like the horror genre was no longer economically viable, and paired with the strict production code of the era, American filmmakers struggled to make creative works on screen, and horror eventually went out of vogue.

This proved a devastating development at the time for Lugosi, who found himself losing work and struggling to support his family.

Universal Pictures changed ownership in , and the new management was less interested in the macabre.

In , Universal Pictures continued to make films for the series. In January, the studio premiered the science fiction melodrama The Invisible Ray.

The film pairs Bela Lugosi and Boris Karloff a third time. In the film, a scientist creates a telescope-like device that captures light waves from the Andromeda Galaxy, giving him a way to view the distant past.

He and several colleagues go to Africa to locate a large, unusual meteorite that the light-waves showed fell there a billion years earlier.

After discovering that the meteorite is composed of a poisonous unknown element, "Radium X", he begins to glow in the dark, and his touch becomes deadly.

These radiation effects also begin to slowly drive him mad. Critics noted the tone of the film to be somber, dignified, and tragic.

The Invisible Ray is a morality play, particularly given the film's final lines of dialog, uttered nine years before the events of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , by Madame Rukh: "My son, you have broken the first law of science Janos Rukh is dead, but part of him will go on to eternity, working for humanity".

In May , Universal Pictures released a sequel to 's Dracula. The film was called Dracula's Daughter and stars Gloria Holden in the title role.

Dracula's Daughter doesn't feature Bela Lugosi or his character, but instead tells the story of Countess Marya Zaleska, the daughter of Count Dracula and herself a vampire.

Following Dracula's death, she believes that by destroying his body she will be free of his influence and live normally. When this fails, she turns to a psychiatrist, played by Otto Kruger.

The Countess kidnaps Janet and takes her to Transylvania, leading to a battle between Dr. Garth and the Countess. While not as successful as the original upon its release, the film was generally well-reviewed.

In the intervening decades, criticism has been deeply divided. Contemporary critics and scholars have noted the film's strong lesbian overtones, which Universal acknowledged from the start of production and exploited in some early advertising.

Universal would completed their initial Dracula trilogy seven years later with Son of Dracula. In , Universal Pictures only released one film in the series.

The film was Night Key , a science fiction crime thriller starring Boris Karloff. In Night Key , Karloff plays an elderly inventor of a burglar alarm who attempts to get back at the man who stole the profits to his invention.

Later, his device is then subverted by gangsters who threatens him and use his own device to facilitate burglaries.

Letterboxd users call the film "a delightfully corny, old-fashioned thriller". In , Universal Pictures did not release any film related to horror, thriller, or science fiction.

Instead, they made re-releases of their previous Dracula and Frankenstein films. It was only in January , a full year and a half after the release of Night Key that the studio continued putting out original horror movies.

It stars Bela Lugosi as a mad scientist who attempts to rule the world by creating various elaborate inventions.

In a dramatic fashion, foreign agents and G-Men government men try to seize the inventions for themselves. A minute feature film version of the film, cut down from the serial's original minutes, was released for television ten years later.

The Phantom Creeps was Universal Pictures' th serial and 44th to have sound. The innovation of the scrolling text version of the synopsis at the beginning of each chapter was used for the Star Wars films as the "Star Wars opening crawl".

On January 13, , Universal Pictures released Son of Frankenstein , the third entry in the studio's Frankenstein series and the last to feature Boris Karloff as the Monster.

It is also the first to feature Bela Lugosi as Ygor. Son of Frankenstein was a reaction to the popular re-releases of Dracula and Frankenstein as double-features in In the film, one of the sons of Frankenstein finds his father's monster in a coma and revives him, only to find out he is controlled by Ygor who is bent on revenge.

Universal's declining horror output was revitalized with the enormously successful Son of Frankenstein , in which the studio cast both stars Lugosi and Karloff again for the fourth time.

In November , Universal Pictures released their last horror film of the s with the historical and quasi-horror film, Tower of London. Vincent Price , in only his third film, appears as George, Duke of Clarence.

Tower of London is based on the traditional depiction of Richard rising to become King of England in by eliminating everyone ahead of him.

Each time Richard accomplishes a murder, he removes one figurine from a dollhouse resembling a throne room.

Once he has completed his task, he now needs to defeat the exiled Henry Tudor to retain the throne. Other studios followed Universal's lead.

MGM 's controversial Freaks frightened audiences at the time, featuring characters played by people who had real deformities,.

The studio even disowned the film, and it remained banned in the United Kingdom, for 30 years. Hyde is remembered for its innovative use of photographic filters to create Jekyll's transformation before the camera.

With the progression of the genre, actors like Boris Karloff and Bela Lugosi were beginning to build entire careers in horror.

Early in the decade also, Danish director Carl Theodor Dreyer created the horror fantasy film Vampyr based on elements from J.

The German-produced sound film tells the story of Allan Gray, a student of the occult who enters a village under the curse of a vampire.

According to the book Movies You Must See Before You Die , Vampyr' s "greatness derives partly from Dreyer's handling of the vampire theme in terms of sexuality and eroticism, and partly from its highly distinctive, dreamy look.

Despite the success of The Wolf Man , by the s, Universal's monster movie formula was growing stale, as evidenced by desperate sequels and ensemble films with multiple monsters.

Eventually, the studio resorted to comedy-horror pairings, like Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein , which met with some success.

In the year , Universal Pictures released three movies. In January, the Vincent Price -starring The Invisible Man Returns premieres in theaters to commercial success despite its production being plagued with problems.

In September, The Mummy's Hand was released. Although it is sometimes claimed by fans as a sequel or follow-up to The Mummy , it does not continue the film's storyline, or feature any of the same characters.

At the film's release, film critic Bosley Crowther wrote for The New York Times , "It's the usual mumbo-jumbo of secret tombs in crumbling temples and salacious old high priests guarding them against the incursions of an archaeological expedition".

In December, The Invisible Woman was released. It is the third film in the Invisible Man film series. This film was more of a screwball comedy than other films in the series thus is considered a comedy more than a horror film.

The film stars Virginia Bruce in the lead role and the aging John Barrymore in a supporting role. Reviews from critics were mixed.

Two more films from the Invisible Man series would be released in the decade. The propaganda war-horror Invisible Agent , which featured a mad scientist working in secret to aid the Third Reich , and 's The Invisible Man's Revenge.

In , Universal Pictures released a reboot of sort to the studio's werewolf picture Werewolf of London which starred noted character actor Henry Hull in a quite different and more subtle werewolf makeup.

The character of Larry Talbot aka The Wolf Man is considered one of the best classic monsters in the series. The title character has had a great deal of influence on Hollywood's depictions of the legend of the werewolf.

The decade also sees the continuation of Universal Pictures ' consistent releases of horror, suspense and science fiction films. This comes to be later known as the cult classic Universal Classic Monsters series which began in the s and would later dissipate in the s.

In this decade Lon Chaney Jr. Paramount Pictures also made horror films in the s, the most popular of which is The Uninvited. The film has been noted by contemporary film scholars as being the first film in history to portray ghosts as legitimate entities rather than illusions or misunderstandings played for comedy.

It depicts various supernatural phenomena, including disembodied voices, apparitions, and possession. MGM 's best horror genre contribution of the s would be Albert Lewin 's The Picture of Dorian Gray , which was popularly known for its interesting use of color insert to show Dorian's haunting portrait.

In , Great Britain contributed the anthology horror film Dead of Night. In the film house guests tell at least five supernatural tales, the last of which being the most remembered.

The film's last story, titled The Ventriloquist's Dummy features a ventriloquist tormented by a malevolent puppet. The popularity of movie genres of the s were mostly film noir , melodrama and mystery.

It would then arguably be a stretch to point out that some mystery and thriller films can be considered horror genre contributions of the decade.

Wes Anderson ranked it as the sixth best British film. With advances in technology, the tone of horror films shifted from the Gothic towards contemporary concerns.

A popular horror subgenre began to emerge: the Doomsday film. It is considered to be the most popular and most paranoid films from the golden age of American sci-fi cinema.

In the s, television had arrived and the theatrical market was changing. Producers and exhibitors found new, exciting and enticing ways to keep audiences in theaters.

This is how Hollywood directors and producers found ample opportunity for audience exploitation through gimmicks.

The years through is considered the "Golden Era" of 3-D movies. In a three-dimensional stereoscopic film , the audience's brains are tricked into believing the images projected onto a flat cinema screen are coming to life in full three-dimensional glory.

Those who came to see a 3-D movie inside a theater were given the familiar disposable cardboard anaglyph 3D glasses to wear which will allow them to see the images come to life.

In April , Warner Bros. The film, which stars Vincent Price , tells a story of a disfigured sculptor who repopulates his destroyed wax museum by murdering people and using their wax-coated corpses as displays.

House of Wax was the film that typecast Price as a horror icon. After the release of that film, Price would be labeled the "King of 3-D" and would later become the actor to star in the most 3D features.

The success of these two films proved that major studios now had a method of getting film-goers back into theaters and away from television sets, which were causing a steady decline in attendance.

Aside from 3-D technology, different forms of promotional gimmicks were used to entice film-goers into seeing the films in theaters. One great example is during the screening of 's The Lost Missile , a science fiction film in which scientists try to stop a mysterious missile from destroying the Earth.

Audiences who saw the film in theaters were given "shock tags" to monitor their vitals during the movie.

They were promised that anyone who would get shocked into a comatose state by the film would get a free ride home in a limousine.

Film director and producer William Castle is considered the King of the film gimmick. After directing a cavalcade of B movies low-budget commercial films for Columbia Pictures in the s, Castle set out on the independent route.

This kind of promotional gimmick would later make him famous. Of course, in actuality, a skeleton with glowing red eyes was attached to wires above the theater in order to swoop in and float above audience members' heads to parallel the action on the screen.

In the film, Price breaks the fourth wall and warns the audience that the tingler is in the theater which then prompts the built-in electric buzzers to scare audiences in their theater seats.

The s is also well known for creature feature or giant monster movies. These are usually disaster films that focuses on a group of characters struggling to survive attacks by one or more antagonistic monsters, often abnormally large ones.

The monster is often created by a folly of mankind — an experiment gone wrong, the effects of radiation or the destruction of habitat.

The monster can also be from outer space, or has been on Earth for a long time with no one ever seeing it, or released or awakened from a prison of some sort where it was being held.

In monster movies, the monster is usually a villain, but can be a metaphor of humankind's continuous destruction. Warner Bros. It then begins to wreak a path of destruction as it travels southward, eventually arriving at its ancient spawning grounds, which includes New York City.

The film is also remembered for its influential stop motion model animation created by visual effects creator Ray Harryhausen.

One of the best movies during these years was Night of the Demon Ray Harryhausen created his own form of stop motion model animation called Dynamation.

It involved photographing a miniature against a rear-projection screen through a partly masked pane of glass.

The masked portion would then be re-exposed to insert foreground elements from the live footage. The effect was to make the creature appear to move in the midst of live action.

It could now be seen walking behind a live tree, or be viewed in the middle distance over the shoulder of a live actor — effects difficult to achieve before.

That scene spurred on numerous homages in many horror films [94] in subsequent years including 's A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors , 's Army of Darkness and 's Game of Thrones ' Season 4 episode entitled The Children.

Japan's experience with Hiroshima and Nagasaki bore the well-known Godzilla and its many sequels , featuring mutation from the effects of nuclear radiation.

This kickstarted the tokusatsu trend known as Kaiju films , a Japanese film genre that features giant monsters, usually attacking major cities and engaging the military and other monsters in battle.

Other films in this genre that isn't about Godzilla include Rodan and The Mysterians These include Ghost-Cat of Gojusan-Tsugi , and Black Cat Mansion , which tells a story of a samurai tormented by a cat possessed by the spirits of the people she killed.

Filmmakers continued to merge elements of science fiction and horror over the following decades. The Fly is a American science fiction-horror film starring Vincent Price.

The film tells the story of a scientist who is transformed into a grotesque creature after a common house fly enters unseen into a molecular transporter he is experimenting with, resulting in his atoms being combined with those of the insect, which produces a human-fly hybrid.

It was followed by two black-and-white sequels, Return of the Fly and Curse of the Fly The original film was remade in by director David Cronenberg.

Considered a "pulp masterpiece" [96] of the s was The Incredible Shrinking Man , based on Richard Matheson 's existentialist novel.

The film tells the story of a man, who after getting exposed to a radioactive cloud, gets shrunk in height by several inches.

The film conveyed the fears of living in the Atomic Age and the terror of social alienation. Il loro giovane figlio comincia a fare amicizia con una bambola di nome Brahms.

Nessuno di loro sa che quella bambola ha dei poteri terrificanti. Devon, Inghilterra, Ma Philip vede il misterioso demone catturare la sorellina, che conseguentemente muore.

Devon, oggi. Confida a padre Andrew, che lo segue da tempo e gli fa da guida spirituale, d'aver conosciuto una violinista, Catherine, con cui si trova molto bene.

Padre Andrew lo esorta a lasciarsi andare e a non pensare alle brutte cose del passato. Dopo i tragici eventi avvenuti a casa, la famiglia Abbott deve ora affrontare il terrore del mondo esterno mentre continua la propria lotta per la sopravvivenza in silenzio.

Costretti ad avventurarsi nell'ignoto, capiscono molto rapidamente che le creature che cacciano utilizzando il suono non sono l'unica minaccia in agguato oltre il sentiero di sabbia.

Il film racconta di una ragazza Sophia Lillis, nota per aver interpretato il ruolo di Beverly Marsh nel film It e suo fratello minore Sammy Leakey.

I giovani partono durante un periodo di pestilenza e carestia. Film in streaming Amazon Prime Video Netflix.

Caricamento in corso IT 2, IT 4, Ces films se chevauchent souvent avec thriller, science fiction et fantastique.

Login to your account Remember Me Register a new account Lost your password? Sea Fever Jun. IMDb: 5. Horreur Science-Fiction Thriller.

Dreamkatcher Apr. Horreur Thriller. Penance Lane Apr. The Other Lamb Apr. Drame Horreur Thriller.

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The bite causes him to turn into a bloodthirsty monster. Jack Pierce created the make-up for the creature.

Screenwriter and journalist Frank Nugent , writing for The New York Times , thought the film was "designed solely to amaze and horrify.

Granting that the central idea has been used before, the picture still rates the attention of action-and-horror enthusiasts.

The film was The Raven. The film was not actually a direct adaptation of the classic poem , but rather inspired from it.

In the film, a brilliant surgeon, played by Bela Lugosi, is obsessed with the writer Edgar Allan Poe. He saves the life of a beautiful dancer but goes mad when he can't have her.

Meanwhile, Boris Karloff plays a fugitive murderer on the run from the police. The film did not do particularly well at the box office during its initial release, and indirectly led to a temporary ban on horror films in England.

At the time, it was beginning to look like the horror genre was no longer economically viable, and paired with the strict production code of the era, American filmmakers struggled to make creative works on screen, and horror eventually went out of vogue.

This proved a devastating development at the time for Lugosi, who found himself losing work and struggling to support his family.

Universal Pictures changed ownership in , and the new management was less interested in the macabre. In , Universal Pictures continued to make films for the series.

In January, the studio premiered the science fiction melodrama The Invisible Ray. The film pairs Bela Lugosi and Boris Karloff a third time.

In the film, a scientist creates a telescope-like device that captures light waves from the Andromeda Galaxy, giving him a way to view the distant past.

He and several colleagues go to Africa to locate a large, unusual meteorite that the light-waves showed fell there a billion years earlier.

After discovering that the meteorite is composed of a poisonous unknown element, "Radium X", he begins to glow in the dark, and his touch becomes deadly.

These radiation effects also begin to slowly drive him mad. Critics noted the tone of the film to be somber, dignified, and tragic.

The Invisible Ray is a morality play, particularly given the film's final lines of dialog, uttered nine years before the events of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , by Madame Rukh: "My son, you have broken the first law of science Janos Rukh is dead, but part of him will go on to eternity, working for humanity".

In May , Universal Pictures released a sequel to 's Dracula. The film was called Dracula's Daughter and stars Gloria Holden in the title role.

Dracula's Daughter doesn't feature Bela Lugosi or his character, but instead tells the story of Countess Marya Zaleska, the daughter of Count Dracula and herself a vampire.

Following Dracula's death, she believes that by destroying his body she will be free of his influence and live normally.

When this fails, she turns to a psychiatrist, played by Otto Kruger. The Countess kidnaps Janet and takes her to Transylvania, leading to a battle between Dr.

Garth and the Countess. While not as successful as the original upon its release, the film was generally well-reviewed. In the intervening decades, criticism has been deeply divided.

Contemporary critics and scholars have noted the film's strong lesbian overtones, which Universal acknowledged from the start of production and exploited in some early advertising.

Universal would completed their initial Dracula trilogy seven years later with Son of Dracula. In , Universal Pictures only released one film in the series.

The film was Night Key , a science fiction crime thriller starring Boris Karloff. In Night Key , Karloff plays an elderly inventor of a burglar alarm who attempts to get back at the man who stole the profits to his invention.

Later, his device is then subverted by gangsters who threatens him and use his own device to facilitate burglaries. Letterboxd users call the film "a delightfully corny, old-fashioned thriller".

In , Universal Pictures did not release any film related to horror, thriller, or science fiction. Instead, they made re-releases of their previous Dracula and Frankenstein films.

It was only in January , a full year and a half after the release of Night Key that the studio continued putting out original horror movies.

It stars Bela Lugosi as a mad scientist who attempts to rule the world by creating various elaborate inventions. In a dramatic fashion, foreign agents and G-Men government men try to seize the inventions for themselves.

A minute feature film version of the film, cut down from the serial's original minutes, was released for television ten years later.

The Phantom Creeps was Universal Pictures' th serial and 44th to have sound. The innovation of the scrolling text version of the synopsis at the beginning of each chapter was used for the Star Wars films as the "Star Wars opening crawl".

On January 13, , Universal Pictures released Son of Frankenstein , the third entry in the studio's Frankenstein series and the last to feature Boris Karloff as the Monster.

It is also the first to feature Bela Lugosi as Ygor. Son of Frankenstein was a reaction to the popular re-releases of Dracula and Frankenstein as double-features in In the film, one of the sons of Frankenstein finds his father's monster in a coma and revives him, only to find out he is controlled by Ygor who is bent on revenge.

Universal's declining horror output was revitalized with the enormously successful Son of Frankenstein , in which the studio cast both stars Lugosi and Karloff again for the fourth time.

In November , Universal Pictures released their last horror film of the s with the historical and quasi-horror film, Tower of London.

Vincent Price , in only his third film, appears as George, Duke of Clarence. Tower of London is based on the traditional depiction of Richard rising to become King of England in by eliminating everyone ahead of him.

Each time Richard accomplishes a murder, he removes one figurine from a dollhouse resembling a throne room. Once he has completed his task, he now needs to defeat the exiled Henry Tudor to retain the throne.

Other studios followed Universal's lead. MGM 's controversial Freaks frightened audiences at the time, featuring characters played by people who had real deformities,.

The studio even disowned the film, and it remained banned in the United Kingdom, for 30 years. Hyde is remembered for its innovative use of photographic filters to create Jekyll's transformation before the camera.

With the progression of the genre, actors like Boris Karloff and Bela Lugosi were beginning to build entire careers in horror. Early in the decade also, Danish director Carl Theodor Dreyer created the horror fantasy film Vampyr based on elements from J.

The German-produced sound film tells the story of Allan Gray, a student of the occult who enters a village under the curse of a vampire.

According to the book Movies You Must See Before You Die , Vampyr' s "greatness derives partly from Dreyer's handling of the vampire theme in terms of sexuality and eroticism, and partly from its highly distinctive, dreamy look.

Despite the success of The Wolf Man , by the s, Universal's monster movie formula was growing stale, as evidenced by desperate sequels and ensemble films with multiple monsters.

Eventually, the studio resorted to comedy-horror pairings, like Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein , which met with some success.

In the year , Universal Pictures released three movies. In January, the Vincent Price -starring The Invisible Man Returns premieres in theaters to commercial success despite its production being plagued with problems.

In September, The Mummy's Hand was released. Although it is sometimes claimed by fans as a sequel or follow-up to The Mummy , it does not continue the film's storyline, or feature any of the same characters.

At the film's release, film critic Bosley Crowther wrote for The New York Times , "It's the usual mumbo-jumbo of secret tombs in crumbling temples and salacious old high priests guarding them against the incursions of an archaeological expedition".

In December, The Invisible Woman was released. It is the third film in the Invisible Man film series. This film was more of a screwball comedy than other films in the series thus is considered a comedy more than a horror film.

The film stars Virginia Bruce in the lead role and the aging John Barrymore in a supporting role. Reviews from critics were mixed.

Two more films from the Invisible Man series would be released in the decade. The propaganda war-horror Invisible Agent , which featured a mad scientist working in secret to aid the Third Reich , and 's The Invisible Man's Revenge.

In , Universal Pictures released a reboot of sort to the studio's werewolf picture Werewolf of London which starred noted character actor Henry Hull in a quite different and more subtle werewolf makeup.

The character of Larry Talbot aka The Wolf Man is considered one of the best classic monsters in the series. The title character has had a great deal of influence on Hollywood's depictions of the legend of the werewolf.

The decade also sees the continuation of Universal Pictures ' consistent releases of horror, suspense and science fiction films. This comes to be later known as the cult classic Universal Classic Monsters series which began in the s and would later dissipate in the s.

In this decade Lon Chaney Jr. Paramount Pictures also made horror films in the s, the most popular of which is The Uninvited.

The film has been noted by contemporary film scholars as being the first film in history to portray ghosts as legitimate entities rather than illusions or misunderstandings played for comedy.

It depicts various supernatural phenomena, including disembodied voices, apparitions, and possession.

MGM 's best horror genre contribution of the s would be Albert Lewin 's The Picture of Dorian Gray , which was popularly known for its interesting use of color insert to show Dorian's haunting portrait.

In , Great Britain contributed the anthology horror film Dead of Night. In the film house guests tell at least five supernatural tales, the last of which being the most remembered.

The film's last story, titled The Ventriloquist's Dummy features a ventriloquist tormented by a malevolent puppet. The popularity of movie genres of the s were mostly film noir , melodrama and mystery.

It would then arguably be a stretch to point out that some mystery and thriller films can be considered horror genre contributions of the decade.

Wes Anderson ranked it as the sixth best British film. With advances in technology, the tone of horror films shifted from the Gothic towards contemporary concerns.

A popular horror subgenre began to emerge: the Doomsday film. It is considered to be the most popular and most paranoid films from the golden age of American sci-fi cinema.

In the s, television had arrived and the theatrical market was changing. Producers and exhibitors found new, exciting and enticing ways to keep audiences in theaters.

This is how Hollywood directors and producers found ample opportunity for audience exploitation through gimmicks. The years through is considered the "Golden Era" of 3-D movies.

In a three-dimensional stereoscopic film , the audience's brains are tricked into believing the images projected onto a flat cinema screen are coming to life in full three-dimensional glory.

Those who came to see a 3-D movie inside a theater were given the familiar disposable cardboard anaglyph 3D glasses to wear which will allow them to see the images come to life.

In April , Warner Bros. The film, which stars Vincent Price , tells a story of a disfigured sculptor who repopulates his destroyed wax museum by murdering people and using their wax-coated corpses as displays.

House of Wax was the film that typecast Price as a horror icon. After the release of that film, Price would be labeled the "King of 3-D" and would later become the actor to star in the most 3D features.

The success of these two films proved that major studios now had a method of getting film-goers back into theaters and away from television sets, which were causing a steady decline in attendance.

Aside from 3-D technology, different forms of promotional gimmicks were used to entice film-goers into seeing the films in theaters.

One great example is during the screening of 's The Lost Missile , a science fiction film in which scientists try to stop a mysterious missile from destroying the Earth.

Audiences who saw the film in theaters were given "shock tags" to monitor their vitals during the movie. They were promised that anyone who would get shocked into a comatose state by the film would get a free ride home in a limousine.

Film director and producer William Castle is considered the King of the film gimmick. After directing a cavalcade of B movies low-budget commercial films for Columbia Pictures in the s, Castle set out on the independent route.

This kind of promotional gimmick would later make him famous. Of course, in actuality, a skeleton with glowing red eyes was attached to wires above the theater in order to swoop in and float above audience members' heads to parallel the action on the screen.

In the film, Price breaks the fourth wall and warns the audience that the tingler is in the theater which then prompts the built-in electric buzzers to scare audiences in their theater seats.

The s is also well known for creature feature or giant monster movies. These are usually disaster films that focuses on a group of characters struggling to survive attacks by one or more antagonistic monsters, often abnormally large ones.

The monster is often created by a folly of mankind — an experiment gone wrong, the effects of radiation or the destruction of habitat.

The monster can also be from outer space, or has been on Earth for a long time with no one ever seeing it, or released or awakened from a prison of some sort where it was being held.

In monster movies, the monster is usually a villain, but can be a metaphor of humankind's continuous destruction.

Warner Bros. It then begins to wreak a path of destruction as it travels southward, eventually arriving at its ancient spawning grounds, which includes New York City.

The film is also remembered for its influential stop motion model animation created by visual effects creator Ray Harryhausen.

One of the best movies during these years was Night of the Demon Ray Harryhausen created his own form of stop motion model animation called Dynamation.

It involved photographing a miniature against a rear-projection screen through a partly masked pane of glass.

The masked portion would then be re-exposed to insert foreground elements from the live footage. The effect was to make the creature appear to move in the midst of live action.

It could now be seen walking behind a live tree, or be viewed in the middle distance over the shoulder of a live actor — effects difficult to achieve before.

That scene spurred on numerous homages in many horror films [94] in subsequent years including 's A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors , 's Army of Darkness and 's Game of Thrones ' Season 4 episode entitled The Children.

Japan's experience with Hiroshima and Nagasaki bore the well-known Godzilla and its many sequels , featuring mutation from the effects of nuclear radiation.

This kickstarted the tokusatsu trend known as Kaiju films , a Japanese film genre that features giant monsters, usually attacking major cities and engaging the military and other monsters in battle.

Other films in this genre that isn't about Godzilla include Rodan and The Mysterians These include Ghost-Cat of Gojusan-Tsugi , and Black Cat Mansion , which tells a story of a samurai tormented by a cat possessed by the spirits of the people she killed.

Filmmakers continued to merge elements of science fiction and horror over the following decades. The Fly is a American science fiction-horror film starring Vincent Price.

The film tells the story of a scientist who is transformed into a grotesque creature after a common house fly enters unseen into a molecular transporter he is experimenting with, resulting in his atoms being combined with those of the insect, which produces a human-fly hybrid.

It was followed by two black-and-white sequels, Return of the Fly and Curse of the Fly The original film was remade in by director David Cronenberg.

Considered a "pulp masterpiece" [96] of the s was The Incredible Shrinking Man , based on Richard Matheson 's existentialist novel.

The film tells the story of a man, who after getting exposed to a radioactive cloud, gets shrunk in height by several inches.

The film conveyed the fears of living in the Atomic Age and the terror of social alienation. It won the first Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation and was named in to the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being "culturally, historically or aesthetically" significant.

The independently produced sci-fi film Attack of the 50 Foot Woman was made in The storyline concerns the plight of a wealthy heiress whose close encounter with an enormous alien causes her to grow into a giantess, complicating her marriage already troubled by a philandering husband.

The film has become a cult classic and is often referenced in popular culture. The United Kingdom began to emerge as a major producer of horror films around this time.

Christopher Lee starred in a number of Hammer Horror films, including The Curse of Frankenstein , which Professor Patricia MacCormac called the "first really gory horror film, showing blood and guts in colour".

Horror has been a mainstay of television programming since the s. In the book TV Horror: Investigating the Dark Side of the Small Screen , observed that television has helped shape many generations of horror fans and filmmakers because it provided them their first exposure to cinematic horror as children cowering behind their sofa or peering out from under their blanket [] In the s, multiple anthology series that feature suspenseful horror stories were broadcast on television.

The Veil is one notable anthology series that starred Boris Karloff as the horror host and characters in the episodes. Ten of the 12 episodes begin and end with Karloff standing in front of a roaring fireplace and inviting viewers to find out what lies "behind the veil".

Hailed by critics as "the greatest television series never seen", The Veil was never broadcast.

Troubles within the studio resulted in production being cancelled after only 10 episodes were produced.

The number of episodes was considered to be too small to justify sale to a network or to syndication. Ten episodes were released to the public in their entirety for the first time in the s, and have subsequently been released on DVD by Something Weird Video.

Premiered on October is the anthology series Alfred Hitchcock Presents which featured dramas, thrillers, mysteries.

It was created, hosted, and produced by Alfred Hitchcock , who by had already directed films for over three decades. Some of the stories in the show were original, some adaptations of writers like H.

The Twilight Zone — has become a staple in horror fiction since its premiere on October Although predominantly science-fiction, the show's paranormal and Kafkaesque events leaned the show towards fantasy and horror.

The phrase "twilight zone," is used today to describe surreal experiences. An iconic episode which premiered on November 20, is Time Enough at Last which tells the story of a bank teller who yearns for more time to read and gets his wish when he becomes the sole survivor of a nuclear holocaust.

Other notable horror anthologies in the s include The Vampira Show , which was presented by Maila Nurmi , considered to be television's first horror host , dressed as her iconic campy Vampira character, and 13 Demon Street , which was hosted by Lon Chaney Jr.

Released in May , the British psychological horror thriller film, Peeping Tom by Michael Powell , is a progenitor of the contemporary " slasher film ", [] though Alfred Hitchcock cemented the subgenre with Psycho released also in the same year.

Instead, he helped pioneer the art of psychological suspense. As a result, he managed to frighten his viewers by getting to the root of their deepest fears.

France continued the mad scientist theme with the film Eyes Without a Face The story follows Parisian police in search of the culprit responsible for the deaths of young women whose faces have been mutilated.

Meanwhile, Italian horror films became internationally notable thanks to Mario Bava 's contributions. In this film, Bava turned a Russian folk legend into a beguiling fairly tale about a young doctor who finds himself stranded in a haunted community and falls for a woman whose body become possessed by a woman executed for witchcraft.

In the United States, gimmicks continued to be used to entice film-goers into theaters. They will need to search the house to find the doctor's fortune, but along with the property they have also inherited the occultist's collection of thirteen ghosts.

In , Castle made Mr. It tells the story of a man whose face becomes frozen in a horrifying grin while robbing his father's grave to obtain a winning lottery ticket.

Sardonicus in the film. Sardonicus go free or "thumbs down" if they want to punish him. Supposedly no audience ever voted for life over death, so the film continues as if the audience's majority verdict was seriously counted.

If audiences failed any of the questions they wouldn't be allowed inside the theater. The American International Pictures AIP , in the early 60s, made a series of films based on stories by Edgar Allan Poe , most of which star Vincent Price , who became well known for his performances in subsequent horror films of the time.

Robert Wise's The Haunting is considered by a great many critics, aficionados, and casual fans of the horror genre to be one of the scariest films of all time.

The film is best known for its brilliant use of canted frames, mirror reflections, fish-eye lenses and uncanny sound and image editing.

Roman Polanski made his first film in English with Repulsion , which is considered to be his scariest and most disturbing work.

Polanski's "evocations of sexual panic and masterful use of sound puts the audiences' imagination to work in numerous ways".

Horror films of the s used the supernatural premise to express the horror of the demonic. Jack Clayton's The Innocents tell the story of a governess who fears that the children she is watching over are possessed by ghosts haunting the estate they are staying.

A few years later, Roman Polanski wrote and directed Rosemary's Baby , based on the bestselling horror novel by Ira Levin.

The highly influential film tells the story of a pregnant woman who suspects that an evil cult wants to take her baby for use in their rituals.

Meanwhile, ghosts were a dominant theme in Japanese horror , in such films as Kwaidan , Onibaba both and Kuroneko Another influential American horror film of the 60s was George A.

Romero 's Night of the Living Dead Considered to be the first true zombie movie, the film began to combine psychological insights with gore.

Distancing the era from earlier gothic trends, late s films brought horror into everyday life. Low-budget splatter films from the likes of Herschell Gordon Lewis also gained prominence in the s.

Some of Lewis' notorious works include Two Thousand Maniacs! The series centers on a group of teenagers and their dog who go to abandoned places to solve mysteries involving supposedly supernatural creatures through a series of antics and missteps.

The animated series' simple formula had a major impact on future slasher films especially of its portrayal of villains in masks. The s began a new age for horror films with the transition from "classic" to modern horror.

Horror films started to focus more on aggressiveness and ruthlessness while also focusing more on artistic qualities and societal themes.

The s was an era dominated by American horror films. Unlike the past, which was influenced heavily by European film-makers, Americans breathed a new life into the genre.

Modern horror films took the expected roles of characters in the films and changed them. This era changed the usual setting for horror films, using every-day settings.

Along with this came a change from focusing on defeating evil every time to having some instances where good fails before succeeding.

Invincible to human intervention, demons became villains in many horror films with a postmodern style and a dystopian worldview.

Its focus on the psychology of grief was unusually strong for a film featuring a supernatural horror plot. Another notable film is The Wicker Man , a British mystery horror film dealing with the practice of ancient pagan rituals in the modern era.

In the s, Italian filmmakers Mario Bava , Riccardo Freda , Antonio Margheriti , and Dario Argento developed giallo horror films that became classics and influenced the genre in other countries.

The ideas of the s began to influence horror films in the 70s, as the youth involved in the counterculture began exploring the medium.

Romero satirized the consumer society in his zombie sequel, Dawn of the Dead Meanwhile, the subgenre of comedy horror re-emerged in the cinema with The Abominable Dr.

Also in the s, the works of the horror author Stephen King began to be adapted for the screen, beginning with Brian De Palma 's adaptation of Carrie , King's first published novel, for which the two female leads Sissy Spacek and Piper Laurie gained Oscar nominations.

Next, was his third published novel, The Shining , directed by Stanley Kubrick , which was a sleeper at the box office. At first, many critics and viewers had negative feedback toward The Shining.

However, the film is now known as one of Hollywood's most classic horror films. This psychological horror film has a variety of themes: "evil children", alcoholism, telepathy , and insanity.

This type of film is an example of how Hollywood's idea of horror started to evolve. Murder and violence were no longer the main themes of horror films.

In the s and s, psychological and supernatural horror started to take over cinema. Another classic Hollywood horror film is Tobe Hooper 's Poltergeist Poltergeist is ranked the 20th scariest movie ever made by the Chicago Film Critics Association.

Both The Shining and Poltergeist involve horror being based on real-estate values. The evil and horror throughout the films come from where the movies are taking place.

The Amityville Horror is a supernatural horror film directed by Stuart Rosenberg , based on Jay Anson 's book of the same name.

It stars James Brolin and Margot Kidder as a young couple who purchase a home they come to find haunted by combative supernatural forces.

The Changeling is a Canadian supernatural psychological horror film directed by Peter Medak. Steven Spielberg 's shark horror film, Jaws , began a new wave of killer animal stories, such as Orca and Up from the Depths Jaws is often credited as being one of the first films to use traditionally B movie elements such as horror and mild gore in a big-budget Hollywood film.

In , Don Coscarelli 's Phantasm was the first of the Phantasm series. A cycle of slasher films began in the s and s with the creation of Halloween by John Carpenter.

Another notable s slasher films are Bob Clark 's Black Christmas Sleepaway Camp is known for its twist ending , which is considered by some to be one of the most shocking endings among horror films.

My Bloody Valentine is a slasher film dealing with Valentine's Day fiction. The boom in slasher films provided enough material for numerous comedic spoofs of the genre including Saturday the 14th , Student Bodies , National Lampoon's Class Reunion , and Hysterical This subgenre would be mined by dozens of increasingly violent movies throughout the subsequent decades.

Sean S. Some films explored urban legends such as " The babysitter and the man upstairs ". Alien , a British-American science-fiction horror film directed by Ridley Scott was very successful, receiving both critical acclaim and being a box office success.

John Carpenter's movie The Thing was also a mix of horror and sci-fi, but it was neither a box-office nor critical hit, but soon became a cult classic.

However, nearly 20 years after its release, it was praised for using ahead-of-its-time special effects and paranoia.

The s saw a wave of gory "B movie" horror films — although most of them were poorly reviewed by critics, many became cult classics and later saw success with critics.

A significant example is Sam Raimi 's Evil Dead movies, which were low-budget gorefests but had a very original plotline which was later praised by critics.

The horror anthology film spawned a series of films in the country over the subsequent decades. Day of the Dead is a horror film written and directed by George A.

Romero and the third film in Romero's Night of the Living Dead series. Vampire horror was also popular in the s, including cult vampire classics such as Fright Night , The Lost Boys , and Near Dark also In , Joe Dante 's seminal monster comedy horror Gremlins became a box office hit with critics and audiences, and inspired a trend of "little monster" films such as Critters and Ghoulies.

Several science fiction action horror movies were released in the s, notably Aliens and Predator Notable comedy horror films of the s include Re-Animator , and Night of the Creeps Henry: Portrait of a Serial Killer is a psychological horror crime film directed and co-written by John McNaughton about the random crime spree of a serial killer who seemingly operates with impunity.

Pumpkinhead is a dark fantasy horror film, which is the directorial debut of special effects artist Stan Winston. In the late s, the horror genre suffered in the television market.

Most viewers leaned toward safe material, [] such as soap operas, sitcoms, and fictional tellings of real-life events, and any horror content that did air on television suffered from network censorship, commercial breaks, low budgets, and "cheesy execution.

In the first half of the s, the genre still contained many of the themes from the s. The slasher films, A Nightmare on Elm Street , Friday the 13th , Halloween , and Child's Play , all saw sequels in the s, most of which met with varied amounts of success at the box office, but all were negatively reviewed by critics, with the exception of Wes Craven's New Nightmare , and the hugely successful film, The Silence of the Lambs The latter, which stars Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins , is considered a major horror movie of all times.

Each film touched upon the relationship between fictional horror and real-world horror. Candyman , for example, examined the link between an invented urban legend, and the realistic horror of the racism that produced its villain.

In the Mouth of Madness took a more literal approach, as its protagonist actually hopped from the real world into a novel created by the madman he was hired to track down.

This reflective style became more overt and ironic with the arrival of Scream In Interview with the Vampire , the "Theatre de Vampires" and the film itself, to some degree invoked the Grand Guignol style, perhaps to further remove the undead performers from humanity, morality and class.

The horror movie soon continued its search for new and effective frights. In the novel, The Vampire Lestat , by the author Anne Rice who penned Interview with the Vampire ' s screenplay and the novel of the same name suggests that its antihero Lestat inspired and nurtured the Grand Guignol style and theatre.

Two main problems pushed horror backward during this period: firstly, the horror genre wore itself out with the proliferation of nonstop slasher and gore films in the eighties.

Secondly, the adolescent audience which feasted on the blood and morbidity of the previous decade grew up, and the replacement audience for films of an imaginative nature were being captured instead by the explosion of science-fiction and fantasy films, courtesy of the special effects possibilities with advances made in computer-generated imagery.

To re-connect with its audience, horror became more self-mockingly ironic and outright parodic , especially in the latter half of the s.

Peter Jackson's Braindead known as Dead Alive in the United States took the splatter film to ridiculous excesses for comic effect. Wes Craven's Scream written by Kevin Williamson movies, starting in , featured teenagers who were fully aware of, and often made reference to, the history of horror movies, and mixed ironic humour with the shocks despite Scream 2 and Scream 3 utilising less use of the humour of the original, until Scream 4 in , and rather more references to horror film conventions.

The Sixth Sense is a supernatural horror film written and directed by M. Night Shyamalan , which tells the story of Cole Sear Haley Joel Osment , a troubled, isolated boy who is able to see and talk to the dead, and an equally troubled child psychologist named Malcolm Crowe Bruce Willis who tries to help him.

It is a remake of the film of the same title. Monster horror was quite popular in the s. Tremors is the first installment of the Tremors series.

Lake Placid is another monster horror film, written by David E. Kelley and directed by Steve Miner. Another successful horror film is Ring , a Japanese supernatural psychological horror film about a cursed video tape, after the person watches it, the phone rings, and someone tells them that they will die in seven days, directed by Hideo Nakata.

Around this period, Japanese horror started becoming popular in English speaking countries. In South Korea, the success of supernatural horror film Whispering Corridors by Park Ki-hyung, sparked the explosion of Korean horror.

The film The Last Broadcast served as inspiration for the highly successful The Blair Witch Project , which popularized the found footage horror subgenre.

The theme of witchcraft was also addressed in The Witches , starring Anjelica Huston , and The Craft , a supernatural horror film directed by Andrew Fleming.

Wolf is a romantic horror film following the transformation of a man Jack Nicholson into a werewolf. Ravenous starring Guy Pearce and directed by Antonia Bird is a "quirky" [] and gruesome movie based on the real life horror story of the Donner party that got stranded in the Sierra Nevada mountains in due to snow.

The decade started with American Psycho directed by Mary Harron starring Christian Bale as a charismatic serial killer and Manhattan business mogul.

The movie was highly controversial when released and remains a cult classic today. The film received mixed reviews from critics.

By contrast, Valentine was a conventional horror film. It had some success at the box office, but was derided by critics for being formulaic and relying on foregone horror film conventions.

The Others was hugely successful, winning and being further nominated for many awards. It is a English-language Spanish gothic supernatural psychological horror film.

It stars Nicole Kidman and Fionnula Flanagan. Sequels, such as Jason X and Freddy vs. Jason also made a stand in theaters.

Final Destination marked a successful revival of teen-centered horror and spawned five installments. Jeepers Creepers series was also successful.

Films such as Hollow Man , Cabin Fever , House of Corpses the latter an exploitation horror film written, co-scored and directed by Rob Zombie in his directorial debut and the previous mentions helped bring the genre back to Restricted ratings in theaters.

Van Helsing and Underworld series had huge box office success, despite mostly negative reviews by critics. Ginger Snaps is a Canadian film dealing with the tragic transformation of a teenage girl who is bitten by a werewolf.

Signs revived the science fiction alien theme. The Descent , a British adventure horror film written and directed by Neil Marshall was also successful.

Another notable film is Drag Me to Hell , a American supernatural horror film co-written and directed by Sam Raimi.

The Strangers deals with unprovoked stranger-on-stranger violence. The House of the Devil is inspired by the " satanic panic " of the s.

Trick 'r Treat is a anthology horror film written and directed by Michael Dougherty and produced by Bryan Singer. Black Water is a British-Australian natural horror film.

Another natural adventure horror film is The Ruins , which is based on the novel of the same name by Scott Smith.

The story focuses on an Alaskan town beset by vampires as it enters into a day long polar night. Comic book adaptations like the Blade series, Constantine , and Hellboy also became box office successes.

The Resident Evil video games were adapted into a film released in March , and several sequels followed.

Other video game adaptations like Doom and Silent Hill also had moderate box office success. Some pronounced trends have marked horror films.

Films from non-English language countries have become successful. The Devil's Backbone is such an example. A French horror film Brotherhood of the Wolf became the second-highest-grossing French language film in the United States in the last two decades.

Martyrs , a French-Canadian horror film, was controversial upon its release, receiving polarizing reviews. Another notable film is The Orphanage , a Spanish horror film and the debut feature of Spanish filmmaker J.

Shutter is a Thai horror film which focuses on mysterious images seen in developed pictures. Cold Prey is a Norwegian slasher film directed by Roar Uthaug.

Another trend is the emergence of psychology to scare audiences, rather than gore. The Others proved to be a successful example of a psychological horror film.

A minimalist approach which was equal parts Val Lewton's theory of "less is more", usually employing the low-budget techniques utilized on The Blair Witch Project , has been evident, particularly in the emergence of Asian horror movies which have been remade into successful Americanized versions, such as The Ring , The Grudge , Dark Water , and Pulse In March , China banned the movies from its market.

What Lies Beneath is a supernatural horror film directed by Robert Zemeckis , starring Harrison Ford and Michelle Pfeiffer as a couple who experience a strange haunting of their home.

The psychological horror film, was released in , it is based on Stephen King's short story of the same name.

The films I Am Legend , Quarantine , Zombieland , and 28 Days Later featured an update of the apocalyptic and aggressive zombie genre.

The latter film spawned a sequel: 28 Weeks Later An updated remake of Dawn of the Dead soon appeared as well as the zombie comedy Shaun of the Dead and Spanish -Cuban comedy zombie film Juan of the Dead This resurgence led George A.

The Australian film Wolf Creek written, co-produced, and directed by Greg McLean revolves around three backpackers who find themselves taken captive and after a brief escape, hunted down by Mick Taylor in the Australian outback.

The film was marketed as being "based on true events", the plot bore elements reminiscent of the real-life murders of tourists by Ivan Milat in the s, and Bradley Murdoch in , and contained more extreme violence.

An extension of this trend was the emergence of a type of horror with emphasis on depictions of torture, suffering, and violent deaths, variously referred to as "horror porn", "torture porn", "splatterporn", and "gore-nography" with films such as Ghost Ship , The Collector , Saw , Hostel , and their respective sequels, frequently singled out as examples of emergence of this subgenre.

Cloverfield is another found footage horror film. The Mist is a science-fiction horror film based on the novella of the same name by Stephen King.

Antichrist is an English-language Danish experimental horror film written and directed by Lars von Trier , and starring Willem Dafoe and Charlotte Gainsbourg.

The Exorcism of Emily Rose is a legal drama horror film directed by Scott Derrickson , loosely based on the story of Anneliese Michel.

The Children is British horror film focusing on the mayhem created by several children. Another British horror film is Eden Lake.

Remakes of earlier horror films became routine in the s. In addition to the remake of Dawn of the Dead , as well as the remake of both Herschell Gordon Lewis ' cult classic, Maniacs , and the remake of Tobe Hooper 's classic, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre , there was also the Rob Zombie -written and -directed remake of John Carpenter's Halloween.

It was negatively reviewed by most critics, [] [] but was a success in its theatrical run, spurring its own sequel. This film helped to start a "reimagining" riot in horror filmmakers.

The film, Carrie , saw its second remake in , which is the third film adaptation of Stephen King 's novel of the same name.

Child's Play saw a sequel with Curse of Chucky , while Hellraiser: Judgment become the tenth installment in the Hellraiser film series.

Halloween is a slasher film which is the eleventh installment in the Halloween film series , and a direct sequel to the film of the same name , while effecting a retcon of all previous sequels.

The Evil Dead is the fourth installment in the Evil Dead series , and serves as a soft reboot of the original film , and as a continuation to the original film trilogy.

Serialized, found footage style web videos featuring Slender Man became popular on YouTube in the beginning of the decade.

Such series included TribeTwelve , EverymanHybrid , and Marble Hornets , the latter of which has been adapted into a feature film. Slender Man is supernatural horror film, based on the character of the same name.

The character as well as the multiple series is credited with reinvigorating interest in found footage as well as urban folklore.

Also, many popular horror films have had successful television series made: Psycho spawned Bates Motel , The Silence of the Lambs spawned Hannibal , and both Scream and Friday the 13th had TV series in development.

You're Next and The Cabin in the Woods led to a return to the slasher genre. The latter was intended also as a critical satire of torture porn.

The Australian psychological horror film, The Babadook directed by Jennifer Kent received critical acclaim and won many awards.

It Follows subverted traditional horror tropes of sexuality and slasher films and enjoyed commercial and critical success.

The Conjuring Universe is a series of horror films which deal with the paranormal. Sinister is a British-American supernatural horror film directed by Scott Derrickson and written by Derrickson and C.

Robert Cargill. Insidious is another series of supernatural horror films and includes Insidious , Insidious: Chapter 2 , Insidious: Chapter 3 , and Insidious: The Last Key The Witch is a historical period supernatural horror film written and directed by Robert Eggers in his directorial debut , which follows a Puritan family encountering forces of evil in the woods beyond their New England farm.

Get Out received universal acclaim from critics and audiences alike. Its plot follows a black man who uncovers a disturbing secret when he meets the family of his white girlfriend.

A Quiet Place is a critically acclaimed post-apocalyptic science-fiction horror film with a plot that follows a family who must live life in silence while hiding from extraterrestrial creatures that arrived on earth on fragments from their exploded home planet, and which hunt exclusively by sound.

Annihilation is another successful science-fiction horror film. Hereditary follows a family haunted after the death of their secretive grandmother.

The film is a socio-political horror thriller that attempted to address issues such as Toxic masculinity , Trigger Warnings , Slut-shaming , Sexism , Violence against Women and Transphobia.

Get Out addresses modern racism and the concept of slavery by following an African-American man as he makes a chilling discovery regarding his white girlfriend's upper-class family.

Peele's sophomore film, Us , addresses social class and privilege as it follows a family terrorized by their murderous doppelgängers.

Various themes were addressed in the horror of this period. Horror films which deal with troubled teens include Excision and Split The Autopsy of Jane Doe depicts coroners who experience supernatural phenomena while examining the body of an unidentified woman.

The Purge is an action horror film series, consisting of four films and a television series , which are based on a future dystopian United States, where all crime is made legal once a year.

Contracted , Starry Eyes , and American Mary deal with body horror. Kill List is a British crime drama psychological horror film which deals with contract killers.

The Hallow follows a family who go to a remote rural place in Ireland and have to deal with demonic creatures living in the woods.

Prometheus and Alien: Covenant address extraterrestrial themes. Friend Request and The Den are examples of cyber horror.

The Neon Demon follows an aspiring model in Los Angeles whose beauty and youth generate intense fascination and jealousy within the industry.

Horror depicts a group of wealthy 7th grade girls who face a night of terror together after a social network game spirals out of control.

The Other Side of the Door deals with a mother who attempts to use a ritual to meet her dead son for a last time to say goodbye, but misuses the ritual.

Truth or Dare follows a group of college students who play a game of truth or dare? Ouija: Origin of Evil focuses on a widow and her family adding a Ouija board to their phony seance business where, unbeknownst to them, they invite a spirit that possesses the youngest daughter.

The Blackcoat's Daughter also known as February is a American-Canadian supernatural psychological horror film which follows two Catholic schoolgirls who get left behind at their boarding school over winter break, where the nuns are rumored to be satanists.

The slasher film, Happy Death Day follows a college student who is murdered on her birthday and begins reliving the day repeatedly, at which point she sets out to find the killer and stop her death.

In late , Netflix premiered the post-apocalyptic thriller film Bird Box which became an internet sensation even well into January The film follows a woman, played by Sandra Bullock , who, along with a pair of children, must make it through a forest and river.

They must do so blindfolded, to avoid supernatural entities that seemingly cause people who look at them to die by suicide.

The hashtag BirdBox trended for weeks. People shared memes in regards to the movie, even inspiring the "Bird Box blindfold challenge" in which participants wear blindfolds while trying to do day-to-day activities.

By the late s, horror became the most lucrative genre for independent films in the US. Changes in distribution strategies, such as the shrinking American home video market, hit other genres harder than horror, and breakout successes proved theatrical distribution to be viable.

Although hardcore horror films remained a niche, crossover films appealed to both horror and arthouse crowds, driven by positive critical reviews and word-of-mouth.

Films with a novelty concept can capitalize on viral media coverage to receive enough views on ad-based sites that it covers their costs even if viewers only watch to the first commercial.

Comedy horror combines elements of comedy and horror film. The comedy horror genre often crosses over with the black comedy genre.

It occasionally includes horror films with lower ratings that are aimed at a family audience. Folk horror typically includes a rural setting and themes of isolation, religion, the power of nature, and the potential darkness of rural landscapes.

The found footage horror film "technique" gives the audience a first person view of the events on screen, and presents the footage as being discovered after.

Horror films which are framed as being made up of "found-footage" merge the experiences of the audience and characters, which may induce suspense, shock, and bafflement.

Gothic horror incorporates elements of Gothic literature, including romance, dread, and the supernatural.

Natural horror is a subgenre of horror films "featuring nature running amok in the form of mutated beasts, carnivorous insects, and normally harmless animals or plants turned into cold-blooded killers.

Teen horror is a horror subgenre that victimizes teenagers while usually promoting strong, anti-conformity teenage leads, appealing to young generations.

This subgenre often depicts themes of sex, under-aged drinking, and gore. It was most popular in and In a study done by Uri Hasson et al.

This study used the inter-subject correlation analysis ISC method of determining results. It was shown that audience members tend to focus on certain facets in a particular scene simultaneously and tend to sit as still as possible while watching horror films.

In another study done by Glenn Sparks, it was found that the audience tends to experience the excitation transfer process ETP which causes a physiological arousal in audience members.

Audience members with positive feedback regarding the horror film have feelings similar to happiness or joy felt with friends, but intensified.

Alternatively, audience members with negative feedback regarding the film would typically feel emotions they would normally associate with negative experiences in their life.

The population that does not enjoy horror films could experience emotional fallout similar to that of PTSD if the environment reminds them of particular scenes.

In a study by Jacob Shelton, the many ways that audience members are manipulated through horror films was investigated in detail.

The meaning of mirrors in horror films is that they create visual depth that builds tension. Tight framing is another technique used, where an entire scene can be created with a close-up.

In a study by Medes et al. Another technique used in horror films to provoke a response from the audience is cognitive dissonance , which is when someone experiences tension in themselves and is urged to relieve that tension.

Horror films can cause a variety of side effects, depending on the individual. One of the most noticeable side effects is sleeplessness.

A person may have trouble sleeping or toss all night due to the residual fear and anxiety from watching a horror movie.

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On November 21,Universal Pictures released another hit film with Frankenstein. In MayUniversal Pictures released a sequel to 's Dracula. Alternate history. As she does not return his love, the golem commits a series of murders. It is a English-language Spanish gothic supernatural psychological horror film. Guten morgen 1 mai films often aim to evoke viewers' nightmaresfearssource and terror of the unknown. Goetz george is the first installment of the Tremors series. An updated remake of Where x-men 3 consider of the Dead soon here as well as the zombie comedy Shaun of the Dead and Spanish -Cuban comedy zombie film Juan of the Dead The Buffalo News Read more ed.

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