Jean Arthur Leben & Werk
Jean Arthur war eine US-amerikanische Schauspielerin. Sie zählte in den er Jahren zu den beliebtesten Komödiantinnen Hollywoods und trat in zahlreichen Screwball Comedies auf. Meist wurde sie als selbstbewusste und unabhängige Frau besetzt. Jean Arthur (* Oktober als Gladys Georgianna Greene in Plattsburgh, New York; † Juni in Carmel, Kalifornien) war eine US-amerikanische. Jean Arthur. Schauspieler. Amerikanische Schauspielerin ( () - ). In der Stummfilmzeit spielte sie in schnell und billig. 2,58 Millionen Bewertungen. Herunterladen. Jean Arthur, Schauspielerin: Mr. Smith geht nach Washington. Dieser wunderbare Bildschirm Quelle: sthlmstil.se. Jean Arthur, born Gladys Georgianna Greene (October 17, – June 19, ), was an American actress. Seiten in der Kategorie „Jean Arthur“. Folgende 2.
Jean Arthur: The Actress Nobody Knew | John Oller | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Interview, Porträt, Filmografie, Bilder und Videos zum Star Jean Arthur | cinema.de. Jean Arthur, born Gladys Georgianna Greene (October 17, – June 19, ), was an American actress. Seiten in der Kategorie „Jean Arthur“. Folgende 2.
It was, of course, her squeaky, frog-like voice, which silent-era cinema audiences had simply no way of perceiving, much less appreciating.
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How Much Have You Seen? How much of Jean Arthur's work have you seen? Nominated for 1 Oscar.
Known For. Smith Goes to Washington Saunders. Shane Marian Starrett. The More the Merrier Connie Milligan.
Patricia Marshall. Show all 12 episodes. Julie Blane. Bradford Paula Bradford. So much was she part of it, so much was her star personality defined by it, that the screwball style itself seems almost unimaginable without her.
Arthur was known as a reclusive woman. Her Congregationalist paternal ancestors immigrated from England to Rhode Island in the second half of the s.
During the s, Nathaniel Greene helped found the town of St. Albans , where his great-grandson, Hubert Greene, was born on September 1, Johanna and Hubert were married in Billings, Montana , on July 7, Around , Hubert moved his wife and three sons from Billings to Plattsburgh, so he could work as a photographer at the Woodward Studios on Clinton Street.
Johanna gave birth to stillborn twins on April 1, Two and a half years later, Johanna gave birth to Gladys Georgianna.
The product of a nomadic childhood, the future Jean Arthur lived at times in Saranac Lake, New York ; Jacksonville, Florida , where George Woodward, Hubert's Plattsburgh employer, opened a second studio; and Schenectady, New York , where Hubert had grown up and where several members of his family still lived.
Hill's photographic studio on Fifth Avenue. Gladys dropped out of high school in her junior year due to a "change in family circumstances".
Both her father at age 55, claiming to be 45 and siblings registered for the draft. Her brother Albert died in as a result of respiratory injuries suffered during a mustard gas attack during World War I.
Discovered by Fox Film Studios while she was doing commercial modeling in New York City in the early s, the newly named Jean Arthur landed a one-year contract and debuted in the silent film Cameo Kirby , directed by John Ford.
Arthur was remodeled as such a personality, a flapper. Dissatisfied with her lack of acting talent, the film's director Henry Otto replaced Arthur with actress Mary Philbin during the third day of shooting.
Arthur agreed with the director: "There wasn't a spark from within. I was acting like a mechanical doll personality. I thought I was disgraced for life.
Despite lacking the required talent, Arthur liked acting, which she perceived as an "outlet". To acquire some fame, she registered herself in the Los Angeles city directory as a photo player operator, as well as appearing in a promotional film for a new Encino nightclub, but to no avail.
Change came when one day she showed up at the lot of Action Pictures, which produced B westerns , and impressed its owner Lester F.
Scott Jr. He decided to take a chance on a complete unknown, and she was cast in over twenty westerns in a two-year period.
Running water was nowhere to be found, and even outhouses were a luxury not always present. The extras on these films were often real cowboys, tough men who were used to roughing it and who had little use for those who were not.
Aside from appearing in films for Action Pictures between and , she worked in some independent westerns, including The Drug Store Cowboy , and westerns for Poverty Row , as well as having an uncredited bit part in Buster Keaton 's Seven Chances In , Arthur attracted more attention when she appeared opposite Mae Busch and Charles Delaney as a gold digging chorus girl in Husband Hunters.
Subsequently, she was romanced by actor Monty Banks in Horse Shoes , both a commercial and critical success. A reviewer for Variety did not spare the actress in his review: "With everyone in Hollywood bragging about the tremendous overflow of charming young women all battering upon the directorial doors leading to an appearance in pictures, it seems strange that from all these should have been selected two flat specimens such as Jean Arthur and Jane Winton.
Neither of the girls has screen presence. Even under the kindliest treatment from the camera they are far from attractive and in one or two side shots almost impossible.
She was skeptical when signed to a small role in Warming Up , a film produced for a big studio, Famous Players-Lasky , and featuring major star Richard Dix.
Promoted as the studio's first sound film , it received wide media attention, and Arthur earned praise for her portrayal of a club owner's daughter.
Variety opined, "Dix and Arthur are splendid in spite of the wretched material", while Screenland wrote that Arthur "is one of the most charming young kissees who ever officiated in a Dix film.
Jean is winsome; she neither looks nor acts like the regular movie heroine. With the rise of the talkies in the late s, Arthur was among the many silent screen actors of Paramount Pictures initially unwilling to adapt to sound films.
However, it initially prevented directors from casting her in films. Arthur impressed only a few with the film and later claimed that at the time she was a "very poor actress In the early years of talking pictures, Paramount was known for contracting Broadway actors with experienced vocals and impressive background references.
Arthur was not among these actors, and she struggled for recognition in the film industry. Her personal involvement with rising Paramount executive David O.
Following a silent B-western called Stairs of Sand , she received some positive notices when she played the female lead in the lavish production of The Mysterious Dr.
Fu Manchu She was wonderful to me. Following a role in Halfway to Heaven opposite popular actor Charles "Buddy" Rogers of which Variety opined that her career could be heading somewhere if she acquired more sex appeal ,  Selznick assigned her to play William Powell 's wife in Street of Chance She did not impress the film's director John Cromwell , who advised the actress to move back to New York because she would not make it in Hollywood.
Back in Hollywood, Arthur saw her career deteriorating, and she dyed her hair blonde in an attempt to boost her image and avoid comparison with more successful actress Mary Brian.
Even though the play did not fare well and closed after twenty-three performances, critics were impressed by her work on stage.
Back on Broadway, Arthur continued to appear in small plays that received little attention. Critics, however, continued to praise her in their reviews.
It has been argued that in this period, Arthur developed confidence in her acting craft for the first time.
I don't think Hollywood is the place to be yourself. The individual ought to find herself before coming to Hollywood.
On the stage I found myself to be in a different world. The individual counted. The director encouraged me and I learned how to be myself I learned to face audiences and to forget them.
To see the footlights and not to see them; to gauge the reactions of hundreds of people, and yet to throw myself so completely into a role that I was oblivious to their reaction.
The Curtain Rises , which ran from October to December , was Arthur's first Broadway play in which she was the center of attention.
In , at age 34, Arthur starred opposite Edward G. Robinson in the gangster farce The Whole Town's Talking , also directed by Ford, and her popularity began to rise.
It was the first time Arthur portrayed a hard-boiled working girl with a heart of gold, the type of role she would be associated with for the rest of her career.
She was known for maneuvering to be photographed and filmed almost exclusively from the left; Arthur felt that her left was her best side, and worked hard to keep it in the fore.
Director Frank Capra recalled producer Harry Cohn 's description of Jean Arthur's imbalanced profile: "half of it's angel, and the other half horse.
The turning point in Arthur's career came when she was chosen by Frank Capra to star in Mr.
Deeds Goes to Town. Capra had spotted her in a daily rush  from the film Whirlpool in  and convinced Cohn to have Columbia Studios sign her for his next film as a tough newspaperwoman who falls in love with a country bumpkin millionaire.
Even though several colleagues later recalled that Arthur was troubled by extreme stage fright during production, Mr. Deeds was critically acclaimed and propelled her to international stardom.
She did not attend any social gatherings, such as formal parties in Hollywood, and acted difficult when having to work with an interviewer.
She was named the American Greta Garbo — who was also known for her reclusive life — and magazine Movie Classic wrote of her in "With Garbo talking right out loud in interviews, receiving the press and even welcoming an occasional chance to say her say in the public prints, the palm for elusiveness among screen stars now goes to Jean Arthur.
Arthur's next film was The Ex-Mrs. Bradford , on loan to RKO Pictures , in which she starred opposite William Powell on his insistence,  and hoped to take a long vacation afterwards.
Cohn, however, rushed her into two more productions, Adventure in Manhattan and More Than a Secretary Neither film attracted much attention.
So strong was her box office appeal by now that she was one of four finalists for the role of Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind The film's producer, David O.
Selznick , had briefly romanced Arthur in the late s when they both were with Paramount Pictures.
Arthur re-united with director Frank Capra and Stewart for Mr. Smith Goes to Washington , with Arthur cast once again as a working woman, this time one who teaches the naive Mr.
Smith the ways of Washington, D. Arthur remained Columbia's top star until the mids, when she left the studio, and Rita Hayworth took over as the studio's biggest name.
Stevens famously called her "one of the greatest comediennes the screen has ever seen," while Capra credited her as "my favorite actress.
Arthur retired when her contract with Columbia Pictures expired in She reportedly ran through the studio's streets, shouting "I'm free, I'm free!
The latter was her final film, and the only color film in which she appeared. Arthur's post-retirement work in theater was intermittent, somewhat curtailed by her unease and discomfort about working in public.
According to John Oller's biography, Jean Arthur: The Actress Nobody Knew , Arthur developed a kind of stage fright punctuated with bouts of psychosomatic illnesses.
A prime example was in , when she was cast in the lead of the Garson Kanin play, Born Yesterday.Jean Arthurs Markenzeichen war die heisere Stimme. Und gerade die wurde ihr beinahe zum Verhängnis, als Ende der Zwanzigerjahre die Tonfilm-Ära. Online-Shopping mit großer Auswahl im DVD & Blu-ray Shop. Jean Arthur: The Actress Nobody Knew | John Oller | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Ein frühreifer Poet, schuf Arthur Rimbaud in seinem kurzen Leben hinreißende Verse, die in ihrer Modernität und kompromisslosen Subjektivität vielen späteren. James Stewart, Jean Arthur, Mr Smith Goes to Washington, Photographic Print. Find art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs, framed.